Students’ Attitude towards Biology in Secondary Schools in Islamabad, Pakistan


  • Shahzad Ahmad Federal College of education, H-9, Islamabad.
  • Naveed Sultana Allama Iqbal Open University, H-8, Islamabad.
  • Sadia Jamil Federal College of Education, H-9, Islamabad.



Attitude, Biology Attitude Scale, Biology, Secondary education, Pakistan


In this age of science and technology, the world is facing geographical challenges, whereas
the future nation builders are losing their interest even in science subjects, especially, in
biology. There are numerous factors that contributed towards students’ success in a particular
subject but the most important one is their attitude towards that subject. The focus of the
present study was to investigate the attitude of students towards Biology in Secondary
Schools in Islamabad. The population of this study comprised all 10th grade Biology students
in different institutions in Islamabad. Owing to the shortage of time, the researcher selected
506 students (from six public and four private schools) as a convenience sample for this study.
These students were administered through a valid and reliable instrument known as “Biology
Attitude Scale” (BAS) developed by the researcher. The study used a 5-point Likert type scale
to measure students’ attitude towards Biology on seven dimensions: “Interest in Biology”,
“Career in Biology”, “Importance of Biology”, “Biology Teacher”, “Difficulty in Biology”,
“Equipment use in Biology” and “Methodology of Biology”. Students’ attitude toward Biology
was analyzed by using the mean score of an individual statement. The findings of the study
revealed that overall students showed a positive attitude towards Biology. Female students
exhibited a positive attitude as compared to male students. Similarly, students in public
schools showed a positive attitude toward students of private schools.


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Author Biographies

Naveed Sultana, Allama Iqbal Open University, H-8, Islamabad.


Associate Professor 

Department of Secondary Teacher Education 

Sadia Jamil, Federal College of Education, H-9, Islamabad.

Research Associate 

Federal College of Education, H-9, islamabad. 


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How to Cite

Ahmad, S., Sultana, N., & Jamil, S. . (2022). Students’ Attitude towards Biology in Secondary Schools in Islamabad, Pakistan. IJERI: International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation, (17), 243–256.